• 최종편집 2020-01-22(수)

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  • Rash Decisions ‘How to Deal With Itchy, Red Skin’
    You’ve broken out in a red, itchy rash. You’re likely wondering where it came from?and, most importantly, how to make it go away.   Unfortunately, your mystery rash could have many causes. Maybe you switched to a new detergent or accidentally brushed against poison ivy. Maybe it came from a virus or fungus. It can be hard to pinpoint the cause.   Red, uncomfortable skin rashes are called dermatitis. “When we use the term dermatitis, all we really mean is skin inflammation,” says Dr. Brian Kim, a dermatologist at Washington University in St. Louis.   Our skin is a barrier, serving as the first line of defense against the outside world. It is filled with immune cells. These cells actively fight against viruses, bacteria, and other invaders. If a foreign substance is detected, immune cells start a chain reaction to neutralize the threat. This, in turn, causes inflammation. Eczema Many people are familiar with atopic dermatitis?the red, itchy rash commonly called eczema. “It affects up to 30% of people, particularly in childhood, and it tends to run in families,” explains Dr. Heidi Kong, a dermatologist at NIH. While some children may outgrow eczema, others will have the disease for life.   The cause of eczema is unknown. But skin microbes?bacteria, fungi, and viruses?may play a role. Kong is working to understand how the millions of microbes that live on your skin may contribute to eczema. Kong and her team have shown that certain types of bacteria are more commonly found on people with eczema. When applied to the skin of mice, these bacteria cause an immune response in the skin.   “We’re trying to understand the bacteria on a deeper level,” says Kong. “We see that they are associated with flares.” Flares are periods when eczema gets worse.   Treatment using bacteria normally found on healthy skin may help. In a small preliminary study, children and adults with eczema improved after using a spray that contained a specific kind of healthy bacteria. Research like this may one day lead to new treatments.   Scientists are also interested in understanding whether eczema can be prevented before it starts.   “I tell my patients that you were probably programmed from birth to be at risk for developing atopic dermatitis,” says Dr. Eric Simpson, a dermatologist at Oregon Health & Science University. Scientists estimate that the risk for eczema may be up to 60?70% genetic. But environmental causes also play a role.   What if a simple act, like moisturizing daily, could keep children from developing the disease? Doctors often prescribe moisturizing creams for people with eczema. These creams help to stop itching and restore the skin. Studies have shown that using moisturizers, sometimes called emollients, can prevent eczema flares.   In Simpson’s new study, parents will moisturize their baby’s entire body each day using one of several emollients. “Our idea was to repair the skin barrier that’s dysfunctional as early in life as you can,” says Simpson.   Over several years, the team will be able to see whether emollient treatment helped prevent eczema. They are also looking at whether regular moisturizing could impact allergies and asthma, which are common for children with eczema.   How do you choose a moisturizing product if you have eczema? “It’s a bit of trial and error,” Kong says. While some people prefer petroleum jelly-based products, other people find they have better results with cream-based lotions.   “But because of the tendency for a lot of these patients to have sensitive skin, we do recommend they avoid products that have a lot of fragrances or preservatives,” she says. Other Rashes Not all rashes are mysterious. Some have a very clear cause. If your skin touches something you’re allergic to, it’s bound to get red and itchy. Common triggers include fragrances in soaps, lotions, and cosmetics. Some people are sensitive to nickel, which is often found in jewelry.   Your doctor may recommend a “patch test.” Small amounts of different substances are applied to your skin to see if you have a reaction.   “People are very familiar with allergic contact dermatitis by way of poison ivy,” Kim says. “But there are many, many environmental allergens that can cause contact dermatitis.” Luckily, hydrocortisone cream may be all you need if the rash only covers a small area.   Psoriasis is another common form of dermatitis. It causes thick, red, scaly skin on the elbows, knees, scalp, and other parts of the body. It’s caused by an overactive immune system. Skin ointments and medications that quiet the immune system can help. A doctor may also prescribe light therapy, where the skin is regularly exposed to ultraviolet light.   Rashes can also be triggered by bacterial and viral infections. And certain drugs may cause an itchy skin rash if you’re allergic.   “That’s a few of probably hundreds of rashes you can get,” Kim says. But common to all of them? “A five-year-old child could tell you that whenever something’s rashy, it itches. Itch is probably the most common symptom in the field of dermatology.” Itch Relief For a long time, people questioned whether itch was even its own unique sensation. They thought it might be a mild form of pain. But scientists have discovered that itch has its own pathway in the brain.   That was the starting point for developing new treatments for chronic itch. Now researchers are focusing on finding drugs to help fight itch.   If you’re a little itchy, it’s okay to start with over-the-counter creams. Moisturizers and creams work well for dry, itchy skin. Mentholated moisturizers can cool the skin and provide relief. But some perfumes or dyes added to skin lotions may make things worse. For more tips on soothing a mild rash, see the “Wise Choices” box.   If you have a severe itch that’s been going on for a long time, you should see a doctor. For these types of severe itch, Kim says, trying to use over-the-counter treatments is “like trying to put out a fire with a garden hose.”   For an itchy rash, it’s important to understand the cause. Call your doctor if your rash is so uncomfortable that it interferes with your sleep or daily activities. You should also seek medical help if you break out in a rash after taking a new medication.   An itchy rash can be trying, but with help, you can calm your skin and feel better.   NIH, USA
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-22
  • [영어] 불법체류 외국인 자진출국 제도
     
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-08
  • Shape Your Family’s Habits, Helping Kids Make Healthy Choices
    Many things can influence a child, including friends, teachers, and the things they see when they sit in front of the TV or computer. If you’re a parent, know that your everyday behavior plays a big part in shaping your child’s behavior, too. With your help, kids can learn to develop healthy eating and physical activity habits that last throughout their lives.   Healthy eating and physical activity are essential for children of any age. “They can have many health benefits for children, including promoting heart health and improving mood,” says Dr. Voula Osganian, a child obesity specialist at NIH.   Getting active and eating right may also prevent excess weight and childhood obesity, a growing concern in this country. Today, nearly 1 in 3 children in the United States is overweight or obese. “If someone develops obesity as a child or adolescent, there’s a very high likelihood that they’ll remain obese or overweight as an adult,” Osganian explains. “But studies also show that if you start eating healthy and being active early, you tend to maintain those habits over time.”   Although most of us know that it’s a good idea to eat healthy food and move more, it isn’t always easy to do. Children aren’t likely to change their diet and activity habits on their own. It’s up to you to make it easier for your family to make healthy choices. “Parents are very important in terms of arranging an environment and setting a model for healthy or unhealthy behavior,” says Dr. Leonard H. Epstein, an expert on childhood obesity at the University of Buffalo. “Parents bring foods into the house. They control how much time a child can watch TV. They control what kinds of social activities are paired with foods. And kids learn a huge amount about eating and physical activity from watching and imitating their parents.” Epstein’s research shows how important parents can be. In NIH-funded work, his team assigned obese children, ages 8 to 12, to different types of weight loss programs. All the groups were taught about healthy diet, behaviors, and exercise. For some groups, positive feedback and encouragement for weight loss and behavior changes were given only to the child. Other groups focused on both the child and an obese parent. Comparison groups received little feedback.   The researchers found that when obese parents and children worked together, both were more successful at losing weight and making healthy changes. “Our studies suggest that getting the whole family working together really benefits the child,” Epstein says. “Even after 10 years, when these kids were 18 to 22 years old, the ones who had the parent working with them had lost more weight and maintained more weight loss than the ones treated by themselves, and obviously more than the comparison groups.”   Over time, most parents gradually began to regain their lost weight, the researchers found. But after 10 years, more than 40% of the kids who worked with their parents had maintained a weight reduction of at least 20%. “The finding suggests that even if the parents go back to their old behaviors, many of the kids will not,” says Epstein.   While it’s never too late to start making healthy changes in your family, research suggests that the earlier your kids learn healthy behaviors, the better.   Dr. Julie Lumeng, a pediatrician at the University of Michigan, focuses her NIH-funded research on the factors that affect eating behaviors in young children?especially preschoolers and infants. That’s an ideal time to start exposing your children to a variety of healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, so they develop a liking for them.   Getting young ones to accept fruits and vegetables can be a challenge, but some parents give up too quickly if a child rejects a new food. Research suggests that the more times you offer a food, the more likely a child will be to warm up to it. “Kids typically have to taste a new food 9 to 15 times to begin to like it,” Lumeng says.   If your child doesn’t like a new food right away, stay positive and keep trying over time. Encouraging kids to take just one bite of a new food can help. But avoid creating conflicts and stress over it. “Trying a new food can be exciting and also stressful in general,” Lumeng says. “Several studies show that kids are more likely to try a new food if they’re eating in a setting that’s relaxing and pleasant.” Children under the age of three tend to stop eating on their own when they’re full. “But after age three,” Lumeng says, “the more you put on their plate, the more they’ll eat.” So make sure to give your kids child-size portions.   Take opportunities to teach young children about feelings of fullness. “If your child asks for another helping, instead of saying, ‘No, honey, you’ve had enough,’ try saying something like, ‘You must really be hungry tonight,’ to raise their awareness of their feelings,” Lumeng suggests. “Or when they stop eating, say, ‘Oh, you must feel full now,’ to help teach about hunger and feeling satisfied.”   Several studies show that parents can effectively influence healthy behaviors by talking in a positive way or avoiding certain situations altogether. “Instead of telling your children, ‘No, you can’t have any more cookies,’ just keep cookies out of the house altogether,” says Lumeng.   When you bring unhealthy food and sugary drinks into the house, “parents essentially become the food police,” adds Epstein. “It’s easier to create an environment in the home where there’s limited access to unhealthy foods and lots of access to healthy foods.”   Experts recommend that most kids get at least an hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day. Parents can help by limiting TV and computer time to no more than one or two hours per day.   “Small changes in the home environment can also have a huge effect on physical activity,” says Epstein. You can make sports equipment like balls and jump ropes more accessible by putting them next to the door. Walking fast, bicycling, jumping rope, and playing basketball, soccer, or hopscotch are all good ways for kids to be active.   When it comes to food and physical activity, what you say and do around your children can have a lasting effect. Work together as a family to make healthy habits easy and fun.   NIH, USA
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-06
  • Korea, China, Japan adopt trilateral cooperation vision for next decade
      Leaders from Korea, Japan and China on Dec. 24 reconfirmed the significance of their trilateral cooperation over the past 20 years and adopted a new vision for such collaboration over the next decade.   Speaking at a joint media conference after a trilateral summit with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in the Chinese city of Chengdu, President Moon Jae-in said, "Today, we three countries adopted a trilateral cooperation vision for the next decade.”   "The newly adopted vision will serve as a milestone for the path of peace and prosperity in East Asia and a sustainable world."   "We reconfirmed the importance of the trilateral cooperation we have developed over the past two decades and decided to raise the level of tangible cooperation so that the people of our countries can feel the results."   President Moon also said this year's summit offered an important opportunity to help make the trilateral cooperation meeting a regular event. The three leaders agreed to boost cooperation in sectors directly related to the people's happiness and quality of life in all three countries, he added.   The three sides also agreed to continue close communication and cooperation for the denuclearization of and a permanent peace on the Korean Peninsula.   Premier Li said, "Not only through cooperation among China, Korea and Japan but also that in East Asia, we will strengthen communication and coordination in responding to regional and global issues erupting in the Asia-Pacific region."   "We will play a greater role in forming a cooperative structure in East Asia that meet the demands of countries in the region," he said, adding, "We all support free trade, economic cooperation and investment."   The premier also said the three countries will accelerate negotiations on a trilateral free trade agreement (FTA).   Prime Minister Abe said the three leaders confirmed their commitment to pursue a trilateral FTA, saying it has vast added value and can even become the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.   "For us to meet global expectations of our three countries and assume greater responsibility, duties and obligations, we three leaders renewed our commitment to work harder toward trilateral cooperation, which marks its 20th anniversary this year, for the next ten years."
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-03
  • 다문화가족 생활정보, 티켓 한장으로 무제한 열차 이용 ‘내일로 패스’
    In order to revitalize domestic travel, young people's interest in the Tomorrow Pass, which increased the age of use from 27 to 34, has increased.   According to the Korea Railroad Corporation(KORAIL), the pass sales volume exceeded 1,000 cases as of the 19th of the winter season.   KORAIL explained that the pass sales surpassed 1,000 in eight days in the winter season compared to the previous year. A KORAIL official said, "Last year, it was a couple of days faster to sell 1000 copies this year, compared to 10 passes for 1,000 passes this year."   Tomorrow Pass is a ticket that allows young people to use unlimited number of trains except domestic KTX for a certain period of time.   The demand for domestic travel increased during the winter vacation, and the increase in the age of use from 27 to 34 was influenced by the increase in sales volume.   However, it will only be temporarily extended for about one year until next winter season, and the age of use is expected to return to 27 years from summer season of 2022.   KORAIL extended the age of use to the age of 29 for a limited time in order to revitalize domestic travel during the MERS outbreak in 2017, but this is the first time that it has expanded to 34.   The ticket price for tomorrow is 50,000 won for 3 days, 60,000 won for 5 days and 70,000 won for 7 days.   Because the train can be used for 50,000 days for 3 days without restriction, it is often used by college students who are burdened with travel expenses.   In addition, if you purchase two-person tickets, you can purchase at 90,000 won, 110,000 won, and 130,000 won, respectively, so you can save additional costs. If you are going to use a two-person pass tomorrow, the two passengers listed on the pass must use it together.   Tomorrow Winter Pass is valid until February 29, 2020.   Travelers who buy tickets tomorrow can use unlimited seats or free seats on ITX-Saemaul, Saemaul, Nuriro, Mugunghwa, and ITX-Youth trains. KTX and tourist trains cannot be used.   According to the KORAIL, the routes that travelers usually use through the pass are ▲Yongsan~Jeonju~Yeosu~Suncheon~Busan~Dongdaegu~Seoul ▲Seoul~ Gangneung~Danyang~Busan~Dongdaegu~Seoul ▲Yongsan~Jeonju~Yeosu~Suncheon~Busan, Dongdaegu, Danyang, Gangneung, and Seoul.   “We have increased the age of use of representative train travel products tomorrow to add a little to the local economy,” said KORAIL Lee Sun-kwan, director of customer marketing. “I hope more young people can have good memories with the train.”
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-03
  • Saying Sorry To A Child
    When you say you're sorry to your child, it shows her that apologies aren't just for kids. “There have been many times when I've been a less-than-perfect mom and have apologized to my 10-year-old daughter, Laura,” says Cindy Hofen, of Mountain View, California. Telling her daughter she's sorry not only makes them both feel better, but it strengthens their relationship and makes it easier for Laura to talk about her own feelings and regrets.   When you make your apology, tell your child specifically what you're sorry for and don't overwhelm her with excuses and explanations. If you find yourself apologizing for the same thing over and over (losing your temper, for example), remember that the situation is the same with adults as with kids: Apologies are meaningless unless you change the offending behavior.
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-03

실시간 English 기사

  • Rash Decisions ‘How to Deal With Itchy, Red Skin’
    You’ve broken out in a red, itchy rash. You’re likely wondering where it came from?and, most importantly, how to make it go away.   Unfortunately, your mystery rash could have many causes. Maybe you switched to a new detergent or accidentally brushed against poison ivy. Maybe it came from a virus or fungus. It can be hard to pinpoint the cause.   Red, uncomfortable skin rashes are called dermatitis. “When we use the term dermatitis, all we really mean is skin inflammation,” says Dr. Brian Kim, a dermatologist at Washington University in St. Louis.   Our skin is a barrier, serving as the first line of defense against the outside world. It is filled with immune cells. These cells actively fight against viruses, bacteria, and other invaders. If a foreign substance is detected, immune cells start a chain reaction to neutralize the threat. This, in turn, causes inflammation. Eczema Many people are familiar with atopic dermatitis?the red, itchy rash commonly called eczema. “It affects up to 30% of people, particularly in childhood, and it tends to run in families,” explains Dr. Heidi Kong, a dermatologist at NIH. While some children may outgrow eczema, others will have the disease for life.   The cause of eczema is unknown. But skin microbes?bacteria, fungi, and viruses?may play a role. Kong is working to understand how the millions of microbes that live on your skin may contribute to eczema. Kong and her team have shown that certain types of bacteria are more commonly found on people with eczema. When applied to the skin of mice, these bacteria cause an immune response in the skin.   “We’re trying to understand the bacteria on a deeper level,” says Kong. “We see that they are associated with flares.” Flares are periods when eczema gets worse.   Treatment using bacteria normally found on healthy skin may help. In a small preliminary study, children and adults with eczema improved after using a spray that contained a specific kind of healthy bacteria. Research like this may one day lead to new treatments.   Scientists are also interested in understanding whether eczema can be prevented before it starts.   “I tell my patients that you were probably programmed from birth to be at risk for developing atopic dermatitis,” says Dr. Eric Simpson, a dermatologist at Oregon Health & Science University. Scientists estimate that the risk for eczema may be up to 60?70% genetic. But environmental causes also play a role.   What if a simple act, like moisturizing daily, could keep children from developing the disease? Doctors often prescribe moisturizing creams for people with eczema. These creams help to stop itching and restore the skin. Studies have shown that using moisturizers, sometimes called emollients, can prevent eczema flares.   In Simpson’s new study, parents will moisturize their baby’s entire body each day using one of several emollients. “Our idea was to repair the skin barrier that’s dysfunctional as early in life as you can,” says Simpson.   Over several years, the team will be able to see whether emollient treatment helped prevent eczema. They are also looking at whether regular moisturizing could impact allergies and asthma, which are common for children with eczema.   How do you choose a moisturizing product if you have eczema? “It’s a bit of trial and error,” Kong says. While some people prefer petroleum jelly-based products, other people find they have better results with cream-based lotions.   “But because of the tendency for a lot of these patients to have sensitive skin, we do recommend they avoid products that have a lot of fragrances or preservatives,” she says. Other Rashes Not all rashes are mysterious. Some have a very clear cause. If your skin touches something you’re allergic to, it’s bound to get red and itchy. Common triggers include fragrances in soaps, lotions, and cosmetics. Some people are sensitive to nickel, which is often found in jewelry.   Your doctor may recommend a “patch test.” Small amounts of different substances are applied to your skin to see if you have a reaction.   “People are very familiar with allergic contact dermatitis by way of poison ivy,” Kim says. “But there are many, many environmental allergens that can cause contact dermatitis.” Luckily, hydrocortisone cream may be all you need if the rash only covers a small area.   Psoriasis is another common form of dermatitis. It causes thick, red, scaly skin on the elbows, knees, scalp, and other parts of the body. It’s caused by an overactive immune system. Skin ointments and medications that quiet the immune system can help. A doctor may also prescribe light therapy, where the skin is regularly exposed to ultraviolet light.   Rashes can also be triggered by bacterial and viral infections. And certain drugs may cause an itchy skin rash if you’re allergic.   “That’s a few of probably hundreds of rashes you can get,” Kim says. But common to all of them? “A five-year-old child could tell you that whenever something’s rashy, it itches. Itch is probably the most common symptom in the field of dermatology.” Itch Relief For a long time, people questioned whether itch was even its own unique sensation. They thought it might be a mild form of pain. But scientists have discovered that itch has its own pathway in the brain.   That was the starting point for developing new treatments for chronic itch. Now researchers are focusing on finding drugs to help fight itch.   If you’re a little itchy, it’s okay to start with over-the-counter creams. Moisturizers and creams work well for dry, itchy skin. Mentholated moisturizers can cool the skin and provide relief. But some perfumes or dyes added to skin lotions may make things worse. For more tips on soothing a mild rash, see the “Wise Choices” box.   If you have a severe itch that’s been going on for a long time, you should see a doctor. For these types of severe itch, Kim says, trying to use over-the-counter treatments is “like trying to put out a fire with a garden hose.”   For an itchy rash, it’s important to understand the cause. Call your doctor if your rash is so uncomfortable that it interferes with your sleep or daily activities. You should also seek medical help if you break out in a rash after taking a new medication.   An itchy rash can be trying, but with help, you can calm your skin and feel better.   NIH, USA
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-22
  • [영어] 불법체류 외국인 자진출국 제도
     
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-08
  • Shape Your Family’s Habits, Helping Kids Make Healthy Choices
    Many things can influence a child, including friends, teachers, and the things they see when they sit in front of the TV or computer. If you’re a parent, know that your everyday behavior plays a big part in shaping your child’s behavior, too. With your help, kids can learn to develop healthy eating and physical activity habits that last throughout their lives.   Healthy eating and physical activity are essential for children of any age. “They can have many health benefits for children, including promoting heart health and improving mood,” says Dr. Voula Osganian, a child obesity specialist at NIH.   Getting active and eating right may also prevent excess weight and childhood obesity, a growing concern in this country. Today, nearly 1 in 3 children in the United States is overweight or obese. “If someone develops obesity as a child or adolescent, there’s a very high likelihood that they’ll remain obese or overweight as an adult,” Osganian explains. “But studies also show that if you start eating healthy and being active early, you tend to maintain those habits over time.”   Although most of us know that it’s a good idea to eat healthy food and move more, it isn’t always easy to do. Children aren’t likely to change their diet and activity habits on their own. It’s up to you to make it easier for your family to make healthy choices. “Parents are very important in terms of arranging an environment and setting a model for healthy or unhealthy behavior,” says Dr. Leonard H. Epstein, an expert on childhood obesity at the University of Buffalo. “Parents bring foods into the house. They control how much time a child can watch TV. They control what kinds of social activities are paired with foods. And kids learn a huge amount about eating and physical activity from watching and imitating their parents.” Epstein’s research shows how important parents can be. In NIH-funded work, his team assigned obese children, ages 8 to 12, to different types of weight loss programs. All the groups were taught about healthy diet, behaviors, and exercise. For some groups, positive feedback and encouragement for weight loss and behavior changes were given only to the child. Other groups focused on both the child and an obese parent. Comparison groups received little feedback.   The researchers found that when obese parents and children worked together, both were more successful at losing weight and making healthy changes. “Our studies suggest that getting the whole family working together really benefits the child,” Epstein says. “Even after 10 years, when these kids were 18 to 22 years old, the ones who had the parent working with them had lost more weight and maintained more weight loss than the ones treated by themselves, and obviously more than the comparison groups.”   Over time, most parents gradually began to regain their lost weight, the researchers found. But after 10 years, more than 40% of the kids who worked with their parents had maintained a weight reduction of at least 20%. “The finding suggests that even if the parents go back to their old behaviors, many of the kids will not,” says Epstein.   While it’s never too late to start making healthy changes in your family, research suggests that the earlier your kids learn healthy behaviors, the better.   Dr. Julie Lumeng, a pediatrician at the University of Michigan, focuses her NIH-funded research on the factors that affect eating behaviors in young children?especially preschoolers and infants. That’s an ideal time to start exposing your children to a variety of healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, so they develop a liking for them.   Getting young ones to accept fruits and vegetables can be a challenge, but some parents give up too quickly if a child rejects a new food. Research suggests that the more times you offer a food, the more likely a child will be to warm up to it. “Kids typically have to taste a new food 9 to 15 times to begin to like it,” Lumeng says.   If your child doesn’t like a new food right away, stay positive and keep trying over time. Encouraging kids to take just one bite of a new food can help. But avoid creating conflicts and stress over it. “Trying a new food can be exciting and also stressful in general,” Lumeng says. “Several studies show that kids are more likely to try a new food if they’re eating in a setting that’s relaxing and pleasant.” Children under the age of three tend to stop eating on their own when they’re full. “But after age three,” Lumeng says, “the more you put on their plate, the more they’ll eat.” So make sure to give your kids child-size portions.   Take opportunities to teach young children about feelings of fullness. “If your child asks for another helping, instead of saying, ‘No, honey, you’ve had enough,’ try saying something like, ‘You must really be hungry tonight,’ to raise their awareness of their feelings,” Lumeng suggests. “Or when they stop eating, say, ‘Oh, you must feel full now,’ to help teach about hunger and feeling satisfied.”   Several studies show that parents can effectively influence healthy behaviors by talking in a positive way or avoiding certain situations altogether. “Instead of telling your children, ‘No, you can’t have any more cookies,’ just keep cookies out of the house altogether,” says Lumeng.   When you bring unhealthy food and sugary drinks into the house, “parents essentially become the food police,” adds Epstein. “It’s easier to create an environment in the home where there’s limited access to unhealthy foods and lots of access to healthy foods.”   Experts recommend that most kids get at least an hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day. Parents can help by limiting TV and computer time to no more than one or two hours per day.   “Small changes in the home environment can also have a huge effect on physical activity,” says Epstein. You can make sports equipment like balls and jump ropes more accessible by putting them next to the door. Walking fast, bicycling, jumping rope, and playing basketball, soccer, or hopscotch are all good ways for kids to be active.   When it comes to food and physical activity, what you say and do around your children can have a lasting effect. Work together as a family to make healthy habits easy and fun.   NIH, USA
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-06
  • Korea, China, Japan adopt trilateral cooperation vision for next decade
      Leaders from Korea, Japan and China on Dec. 24 reconfirmed the significance of their trilateral cooperation over the past 20 years and adopted a new vision for such collaboration over the next decade.   Speaking at a joint media conference after a trilateral summit with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in the Chinese city of Chengdu, President Moon Jae-in said, "Today, we three countries adopted a trilateral cooperation vision for the next decade.”   "The newly adopted vision will serve as a milestone for the path of peace and prosperity in East Asia and a sustainable world."   "We reconfirmed the importance of the trilateral cooperation we have developed over the past two decades and decided to raise the level of tangible cooperation so that the people of our countries can feel the results."   President Moon also said this year's summit offered an important opportunity to help make the trilateral cooperation meeting a regular event. The three leaders agreed to boost cooperation in sectors directly related to the people's happiness and quality of life in all three countries, he added.   The three sides also agreed to continue close communication and cooperation for the denuclearization of and a permanent peace on the Korean Peninsula.   Premier Li said, "Not only through cooperation among China, Korea and Japan but also that in East Asia, we will strengthen communication and coordination in responding to regional and global issues erupting in the Asia-Pacific region."   "We will play a greater role in forming a cooperative structure in East Asia that meet the demands of countries in the region," he said, adding, "We all support free trade, economic cooperation and investment."   The premier also said the three countries will accelerate negotiations on a trilateral free trade agreement (FTA).   Prime Minister Abe said the three leaders confirmed their commitment to pursue a trilateral FTA, saying it has vast added value and can even become the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.   "For us to meet global expectations of our three countries and assume greater responsibility, duties and obligations, we three leaders renewed our commitment to work harder toward trilateral cooperation, which marks its 20th anniversary this year, for the next ten years."
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2020-01-03
  • 다문화가족 생활정보, 티켓 한장으로 무제한 열차 이용 ‘내일로 패스’
    In order to revitalize domestic travel, young people's interest in the Tomorrow Pass, which increased the age of use from 27 to 34, has increased.   According to the Korea Railroad Corporation(KORAIL), the pass sales volume exceeded 1,000 cases as of the 19th of the winter season.   KORAIL explained that the pass sales surpassed 1,000 in eight days in the winter season compared to the previous year. A KORAIL official said, "Last year, it was a couple of days faster to sell 1000 copies this year, compared to 10 passes for 1,000 passes this year."   Tomorrow Pass is a ticket that allows young people to use unlimited number of trains except domestic KTX for a certain period of time.   The demand for domestic travel increased during the winter vacation, and the increase in the age of use from 27 to 34 was influenced by the increase in sales volume.   However, it will only be temporarily extended for about one year until next winter season, and the age of use is expected to return to 27 years from summer season of 2022.   KORAIL extended the age of use to the age of 29 for a limited time in order to revitalize domestic travel during the MERS outbreak in 2017, but this is the first time that it has expanded to 34.   The ticket price for tomorrow is 50,000 won for 3 days, 60,000 won for 5 days and 70,000 won for 7 days.   Because the train can be used for 50,000 days for 3 days without restriction, it is often used by college students who are burdened with travel expenses.   In addition, if you purchase two-person tickets, you can purchase at 90,000 won, 110,000 won, and 130,000 won, respectively, so you can save additional costs. If you are going to use a two-person pass tomorrow, the two passengers listed on the pass must use it together.   Tomorrow Winter Pass is valid until February 29, 2020.   Travelers who buy tickets tomorrow can use unlimited seats or free seats on ITX-Saemaul, Saemaul, Nuriro, Mugunghwa, and ITX-Youth trains. KTX and tourist trains cannot be used.   According to the KORAIL, the routes that travelers usually use through the pass are ▲Yongsan~Jeonju~Yeosu~Suncheon~Busan~Dongdaegu~Seoul ▲Seoul~ Gangneung~Danyang~Busan~Dongdaegu~Seoul ▲Yongsan~Jeonju~Yeosu~Suncheon~Busan, Dongdaegu, Danyang, Gangneung, and Seoul.   “We have increased the age of use of representative train travel products tomorrow to add a little to the local economy,” said KORAIL Lee Sun-kwan, director of customer marketing. “I hope more young people can have good memories with the train.”
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    • English
    2020-01-03
  • Saying Sorry To A Child
    When you say you're sorry to your child, it shows her that apologies aren't just for kids. “There have been many times when I've been a less-than-perfect mom and have apologized to my 10-year-old daughter, Laura,” says Cindy Hofen, of Mountain View, California. Telling her daughter she's sorry not only makes them both feel better, but it strengthens their relationship and makes it easier for Laura to talk about her own feelings and regrets.   When you make your apology, tell your child specifically what you're sorry for and don't overwhelm her with excuses and explanations. If you find yourself apologizing for the same thing over and over (losing your temper, for example), remember that the situation is the same with adults as with kids: Apologies are meaningless unless you change the offending behavior.
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    2020-01-03
  • Admitting When I'm Wrong Doesn't Make Me a Weaker Parent
    By Leah Campbell, PARENTS MAGAZINE I grew up in a house where the words "I'm sorry" were never used and arguments were never discussed. That made it hard for me to understand how to resolve conflict the right way. I am now doing everything I can to make sure to teach my daughter the power of apologizing. It's 6:30 p.m. on a Wednesday and my daughter and I are working on her math homework. I can feel my blood pressure rising as the minutes tick by. This is the subject she struggles with most. As a result, it's also the subject she's most likely to give up on. And that's when I get frustrated. It's not her getting the wrong answer that bothers me. It's her not even trying at all.   I've never been a yeller. But something about motherhood manages to push me to that edge more often than ever before. I can feel the frustration boiling to the surface. And before I know it, I'm spitting out angry words to my daughter, far more harshly than I mean.   I'm not proud of any of it. And a minute or so later, I call a timeout for us both. Sending my daughter to her room with a coloring packet and a snack, I head to mine to breathe. The snapping mother is not the mother I want to be. Once we've both had a chance to cool down, I knock on my daughter's door. "Can I come in?" I ask. "Yes," she sniffs, much to my dismay.   I sit on her bed and place a hand on her knee. "I'm sorry, honey," the most important words I ever say. "Mommy got too frustrated and it wasn't right of me to talk to you in that tone. Can you forgive me?"   She nods slowly and curls up into my lap. And after a few minutes of cuddling, we talk about why I was frustrated, why she was frustrated, and what we can both do to make it better. "I'm sorry, too, Mommy," my little girl says sincerely.   This is the gift I give my daughter: My humility. I’m showing her my willingness to admit when I'm wrong, apologize for it, and talk through conflict rather than ignoring it.   I know how important this is because it's not something I had growing up. In my house, frustration was always the thing festering beneath the surface while raised voices were saved for true blowups. And apologies were almost never muttered. What would happen is those frustrations would sit there unaddressed, until the moment when they boiled over. Every few months, someone would erupt. Words would be yelled, objects would sometimes be thrown, and lots and lots of tears would be shed. Every moment of anger and frustration from the preceding months would rise to the surface and be thrown down as a gauntlet. And then there was silence for days after.   The worst part about it was there were never any apologies. A few days of quiet would pass, and then someone would enter a room and tell a joke or offer a brownie and pretend the fight had never happened at all. And that was it?there was an expectation that the fight was simply over. I was always left shaken and confused. How could I pretend the angry words screamed between us had never been said at all?   Without talking it out, we never worked through the issues. They just continued to linger there, waiting for the next blowup to be thrown around as ammunition. My confusion over how conflict should be resolved impacted me well into my teenage years and adulthood. It turned me into someone who was passive aggressive and avoided true blowups at all costs. It took years of therapy, and some very patient and understanding friends, for me to recognize what was wrong with my conflict style and start working to change it.   One of the things I realized I needed, most of all, was closure to any dilemma that took place. I needed apologies and I needed to be someone who knew how to apologize.   Today, this is a lesson I prioritize with my daughter. I don't shy away from showing her I'm human by admitting when I've been wrong and working to fix it. I always encourage her to do the same.   I'm teaching my little girl that there is no shame in apologizing. And that sometimes closure comes as a result of being the first willing to say those two little words. We all screw up and I'm working hard to show my daughter that being willing to admit to that is sometimes the best way we can start working toward making things right. I want her to grow up knowing how to deal with conflict better than I ever did. And I want her to enter adulthood recognizing the power of ‘I'm sorry’ far sooner than I was able to.
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    2020-01-03
  • Positive Parenting ‘Building Healthy Relationships With Your Kids’
    Parents have an important job. Raising kids is both rewarding and challenging. You’re likely to get a lot of advice along the way, from doctors, family, friends, and even strangers. But every parent and child is unique. Being sensitive and responsive to your kids can help you build positive, healthy relationships together.   “Being a sensitive parent and responding to your kids cuts across all areas of parenting,” says Arizona State University’s Dr. Keith Crnic, a parent-child relationship expert. “What it means is recognizing what your child needs in the moment and providing that in an effective way.”   This can be especially critical for infants and toddlers, he adds. Strong emotional bonds often develop through sensitive, responsive, and consistent parenting in the first years of life. For instance, holding your baby lovingly and responding to their cries helps build strong bonds.   Building Bonds Strong emotional bonds help children learn how to manage their own feelings and behaviors and develop self-confidence. They help create a safe base from which they can explore, learn, and relate to others.   Experts call this type of strong connection between children and their caregivers “secure attachment.” Securely attached children are more likely to be able to cope with challenges like poverty, family instability, parental stress, and depression.   A recent analysis shows that about 6 out of 10 children in the U.S. develop secure attachments to their parents. The 4 out of 10 kids who lack such bonds may avoid their parents when they are upset or resist their parents if they cause them more distress. Studies suggest that this can make kids more prone to serious behavior problems. Researchers have been testing programs to help parents develop behaviors that encourage secure attachment. Being Available Modern life is full of things that can influence your ability to be sensitive and responsive to your child. These include competing priorities, extra work, lack of sleep, and things like mobile devices. Some experts are concerned about the effects that distracted parenting may have on emotional bonding and children’s language development, social interaction, and safety.   If parents are inconsistently available, kids can get distressed and feel hurt, rejected, or ignored. They may have more emotional outbursts and feel alone. They may even stop trying to compete for their parents’ attention and start to lose emotional connections to their parents.   “There are times when kids really do need your attention and want your recognition,” Crnic explains. Parents need to communicate that their kids are valuable and important, and children need to know that parents care what they’re doing, he says.   It can be tough to respond with sensitivity during tantrums, arguments, or other challenging times with your kids. “If parents respond by being irritable or aggressive themselves, children can mimic that behavior, and a negative cycle then continues to escalate,” explains Dr. Carol Metzler, who studies parenting at the Oregon Research Institute.   According to Crnic, kids start to regulate their own emotions and behavior around age 3. Up until then, they depend more on you to help them regulate their emotions, whether to calm them or help get them excited.   “They’re watching you to see how you do it and listening to how you talk to them about it,” he explains. “Parents need to be good self-regulators. You’re not only trying to regulate your own emotions in the moment, but helping your child learn to manage their emotions and behavior.”   As kids become better at managing their feelings and behavior, it’s important to help them develop coping skills, like active problem solving. Such skills can help them feel confident in handling what comes their way.   “When parents engage positively with their children, teaching them the behaviors and skills that they need to cope with the world, children learn to follow rules and regulate their own feelings,” Metzler says.   “As parents, we try really hard to protect our kids from the experience of bad things,” Crnic explains. “But if you protect them all the time and they are not in situations where they deal with difficult or adverse circumstances, they aren’t able to develop healthy coping skills.”   He encourages you to allow your kids to have more of those experiences and then help them learn how to solve the problems that emerge. Talk through the situation and their feelings. Then work with them to find solutions to put into practice. Meeting Needs As children grow up, it’s important to remember that giving them what they need doesn’t mean giving them everything they want. “These two things are very different,” Crnic explains. “Really hone in on exactly what’s going on with your kid in the moment. This is an incredibly important parenting skill and it’s linked to so many great outcomes for kids.”   Think about where a child is in life and what skills they need to learn at that time. Perhaps they need help managing emotions, learning how to behave in a certain situation, thinking through a new task, or relating to friends.   “You want to help kids become confident,” Crnic says. “You don’t want to aim too high where they can’t get there or too low where they have already mastered the skill.” Another way to boost confidence while strengthening your relationship is to let your kid take the lead.   “Make some time to spend with your child that isn’t highly directive, where your child leads the play,” advises Dr. John Bates, who studies children’s behavior problems at Indiana University Bloomington. “Kids come to expect it and they love it, and it really improves the relationship.”   Bates also encourages parents to focus on their child’s actual needs instead of sticking to any specific parenting principles. It’s never too late to start building a healthier, more positive relationship with your child, even if things have gotten strained and stressful.   “Most importantly, make sure that your child knows that you love them and are on their side,” Metzler says. “For older children, let them know that you are genuinely committed to building a stronger relationship with them and helping them be successful.”   By being a sensitive and responsive parent, you can help set your kids on a positive path, teach them self-control, reduce the likelihood of troublesome behaviors, and build a warm, caring parent-child relationship.   NIH, USA
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    • English
    2019-12-03
  • Ways to solve livelihood-related civil services for multi-cultural families
    Question 1. How do I dispose large size waste like refrigerators?    Answer. Each city and county operates a large-scale waste treatment system. Therefore, when disposing large size waste, you have to make an inquiry to the community center. A lot of local provincial governments sell large size waste stickers in community centers so citizens can purchase them, place them on the waste for disposal. Large size waste stickers can also be purchased through the Internet.   Once the payment for waste has been made and when the large size waste disposal declaration certificate is placed on the waste, the waste collection company will personally make a visit on the designated date and venue to collect the waste.   Question 2. I moved into an apartment and the noise from upstairs is extremely serious. What should I do?   Answer. Noise from upstairs can be a great stress, sometimes leading to violent dispute. The noise seems to come from upstairs but there are many cases when the noise is from the house next door. As it is difficult to identify the source of noise, it is difficult to resolve this issue through conversations.   In this case, try seeking for help from 'Floor Noise Neighbor Center' (1661-2642) which is operated by Korea Environment Corporation. 2 specialists in floor noise will be dispatched to analyze the damages and to arbitrate conflicts.   Question 3. I'd like to receive consultation related to overdue wage. What should I do?    Answer. Visit the nearest Employment Welfare + Center and you would be able to apply for consultation for overdue wage and receive consultation on national labor law from civil mediators who belong to the Ministry of Employment and Labor. Call the Employment Welfare Plus Center located in your region or make a visit for consultation. For multi-cultural families, you can make an inquiry to the Multi-Cultural Family Support Center in each region or for foreign workers, make an inquiry to the Foreigner Welfare Center. In case there is no foreign welfare center in the region, you can also make an inquiry at the Gyeonggi Provincial Foreigner Human Rights Support Center. (031-492-9347)
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2019-12-02
  • 다문화가정 공교육 진입 안내
    • Multi-Lang
    • English
    2019-12-01
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