• 최종편집 2020-09-19(토)

The overview of support for multicultural families in Korea

The state and local governments must their best to protect multicultural families

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기사입력 : 2020.03.18 15:11
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1. What is a multicultural family?


A multicultural family refers to any of the following families (Article 2, subparagraph 1 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).


A family comprised of immigrants by marriage and persons who have acquired nationality of the Republic of Korea.


A family comprised of a person who has acquired nationality of the Republic of Korea and a person who has acquired nationality of the Republic of Korea pursuant to the “Nationality Act”.


-The provisions to support multicultural families under the “Multicultural Families Support Act” also applies to multicultural family members who raise children born in de facto marital relationships with a citizen of the Republic of Korea (Article 14 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).


2. Immigrants by marriage

Immigrants by marriage means any foreign resident in Korea (those who do not possess the nationality of the Republic of Korea and who legally stay in Korea for the purpose of residing in Korea) who had or has a marital relationship with a Korean national (Article 2, subparagraphs 3 and 1 of the “Framework Act On Treatment Of Foreigners Residing In The Republic Of Korea”).

Immigrants by marriage, etc. means persons who obtained permission for naturalization as members of a multicultural family (Article 2, subparagraph 2 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

3. Master plan for multicultural family support

The Minister of Gender Equality and Family must establish a master plan for policies on multicultural families every five years to support multicultural families following prior consultation with the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies (Article 3-2, paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”): ▲Basic direction-setting for support policies for multicultural families ▲Matters concerning development measures in each field for supporting multicultural families and evaluation thereof ▲Matters concerning improvement of support systems for multicultural families ▲Matters concerning promotion of multicultural family members’ activities in all areas including economy, society, and culture ▲Matters concerning financial resources for supporting multicultural families and distribution thereof ▲Other matters necessary for supporting multicultural families

4. Provision of Daily Life Information and Educational Support

Members of multicultural families are entitled to receive basic information necessary for living in the Republic of Korea (including information related to learning and guidance for children and juveniles), and education for social adaptation, vocational education and training, as well as Korean language education to enhance their communication skills (Article 6, paragraph 1 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”). 

Members of multicultural families are entitled to receive basic information necessary to understand the countries and cultures of the immigrants by marriage, etc. and receive support for related education (Article 6, paragraph 2 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

In the process of the above education, the members of multicultural families may receive education in various ways, such as through visiting education and distance education, to ensure that all immigrants by marriage, etc. and their spouses and family members have access to educational services regardless of their places of residence and home environment, etc. (Article 6, paragraph 3 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

-The costs of the above visiting education may be covered by differentiated subsidies in accordance with standards determined and publicly notified by the Minister of Gender Equality and Family, such as household income levels of immigrants by marriage, etc. and types of education (Article 6, paragraph 4 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).
 
5. Protection of and Support for Victims of Domestic Violence

The state and local governments must endeavor to prevent domestic violence in multicultural families in accordance with the Act on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and Protection, etc. of Victims (Article 8, paragraph 1 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

The state and local governments are able to protect and support immigrants by marriage, etc. who are victims of domestic violence (Article 8, paragraph 2 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

The state and local governments must endeavor to establish more counseling centers and protection facilities for victims of domestic violence which provide foreign language interpretation services to protect and support immigrants by marriage, etc. who are victims of domestic violence (Article 8, paragraph 3 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

In the event that immigrants by marriage, etc. terminate a marital relationship due to domestic violence, the state and local governments may provide necessary services to them, such as language interpretation, legal counseling, and administrative assistance in making statements and finding facts, so that they will not be placed at a disadvantage due to communication difficulties and/or lack of information about the legal system and other relevant matters (Article 8, paragraph 4 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

6. Medical and Health Support

Members of multicultural families are entitled to receive medical services, such as education on nutrition and health, prenatal and postpartum care, and medical examinations, to ensure their healthy living (Article 9, paragraph 1 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

The state and local governments are able to provide immigrants by marriage, etc. interpretation services when they receive the medical services provided above (Article 9, paragraph 2 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

7. Care and Education for Children and Juveniles

The state and local governments must not discriminate against children or juveniles of any multicultural family in providing care and education services for children and juveniles (Article 10, paragraph 1 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

The state and local governments set measures in place for educational assistance to children and juveniles of multicultural families to help them to quickly adapt to school life, and children and juveniles of multicultural families are entitled to receive support for extracurricular or after-school education programs (Article 10, paragraph 2 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

-Children and juveniles means persons of age 24 years or younger (Article 2, subparagraph 3 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

Members of multicultural families under 18 years of age are entitled to receive support for preschool care and education services to develop language skills as well as the assistance necessary for improving their linguistic proficiency, such as learning materials and teaching support in learning of Korean language and the mother tongue of their father or mother who is an immigrant by marriage (Article 10, paragraph 3 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

8. Provision of Multilingual Services

Multilingual services may be received to remove communication barriers facing immigrants by marriage, etc. and to improve accessibility to services provided in relation to the support policies for multicultural families (Article 11 of the “Multicultural Families Support Act”).

9. Support to promote the welfare of multicultural families in farming and fishing communities

The state and local governments must provide full support to multicultural families living in farming and fishing communities to promote their welfare and help them lead stable family lives (Article 18-2 of the “Special Act for the Enhancement of Quality of Life of Farmers and Fishermen and the Promotion of Regional Development of Agriculture and Fishing Village Area”).

10. Enhancement of understanding regarding cultural diversity

The State and local governments must endeavor to take measures such as for education, publicity, and correction of unreasonable institutions, etc. to ensure that Koreans and foreign residents in Korea understand and respect each other's history, culture, and institutions (Article 18 of the “Framework Act on Treatment of Foreigners Residing in the Republic of Korea”).

11. Support with proceeds from lottery ticket sales, etc.

A part of the proceeds from lottery ticket sales and the lottery fund must be used for projects to support multicultural families (Article 23, paragraph 3, subparagraph 3 of the “Lottery Ticket and Lottery Fund Act”).

-The web portal for multicultural families, Danuri (http://www.liveinkorea.kr), is managed under the support of the lottery fund to offer information on living in Korea and the Multicultural Family Support Center as well as counseling in foreign languages.
by the ministry of government legistration

 

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